It was 1970 when I first visited Kunduz on a long road trip from Quetta to Kabul and Kunduz .This was a time when Afghanistan was Asias most peaceful state and as we drove from Quetta to Kunduz some 1000 km we could see thousands of Europeans hitch hiking and travelling in all kinds of public transport without fear. In 2004 I visited Kunduz again after short visits during Afghan Civil war. I found...
Paperback: 26 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (October 8, 2015)
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ene and peaceful city .I was working as general manager of an Afghan American NGO called RDA and we had about 9 clinics in all parts of Kunduz province.This meant that I extensively travelled in Kunduz during 2004-2005. In 2007 -2011 I was again visiting Kunduz while conducting th CASA 1000 electric transmission line survey as sub contractor of Canadian company SNC Lavalin. At Bandar Sher Khan in Kunduz Province in 2008 Again Kunduz was as serene and peaceful in 2007-11 as it was in 2004. Trouble started in Kunduz in 2013-2014 as NATO forces exited and so called friends of Afghanistan decided to fight their battles at Kunduz . As is well known Pakistani state is engaged in a proxy war in Afghanistan since 1974. Afghanistan is regarded by the Pakistani establishment as a strategic backyard from where India has to be kept out. Traditionally Pakistani proxy operations in Afghanistan were concenterated south of Hindu Kush range.But when Afghan war was appraised in the Pakistani military intelligence establishment in 1990s and later it was concluded that it was essential that Pakistan also should dominate area north of Hindu Kush. Lately in the scenario of US drawdown from Afghanistan there was an apprehension in the Pakistani ruling establishment that Afghanistan could be balkanized and partitioned into two states if US maintained its military presence in the north. In this situation a Pashtun Afghan state in south could destabilize Pakistan as it would arouse irredentist tendencies in Pakistans Pashtun heavy western provinces. Therefore a school of thought emerged in the Pakistani military establishment which regarded dominating area north of Hindu Kush as a paramount strategic necessity. Strategic ideas go hand in hand with ambition and Pakistans ISI got a new boss Lieutenant General Rizwan Akhtar in 2014-15. Rizwan Akhtar is a well meaning and capable man but his ISI team is weak in Afghan experience .